When you come to Africa you can be confident of diversity and marvel. In every country there is something brand new and exciting to see, which you have by no means seen or identified before. Discover the different civilizations and history of the various countries, like the Masai Mara in Kenya or the Khoi and San in South Africa. Remember too that you’ll visit a lot of different creatures, like angry buffalos running after famished lions away from their young, leopards combating over territories or springboks prancing through the air and pronking.
Have you ever heard of the Big 5? It is the African lion, the Cape leopard, the African buffalo, the African elephant and the African rhino. Lions are the second largest big feline on earth. The other big cat of the set is the leopard. They have the biggest distribution of the big cats, but they are also at risk from habitat loss and human trouble and their numbers are declining. Despite the fact that African buffalos are not in peril in the way the other members of the Big Five are, they do face hazards such as habitat destruction and conflict with humans. Elephants utilize their tusks for excavating and lifting. The savannah elephant is located in eastern and southern Africa, predominantly in Botswana, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Kenya, Zambia and South Africa. The forest elephant has rounder ears and straighter tusks than the savannah elephant. There are two subspecies of African rhino: the Black and the White rhino.
If you are a cat individual you may find a lot to stun you in the African bush. To start with, there is the cheetah, a big cat that visitors may recognize already as the fastest land animal in the world. These are beautiful, big cats and mostly active during the day, increasing your likelihood of seeing them. It is distressing to learn that these cats are at risk, because of poaching and habitat elimination. If you want to see even more there are African wild cats, Golden cats, Sand cats and Black-footed cats. African wildcats are on occasion incorrectly identified as household cats and have even interbred with them. The scientific name for the African golden cat is Profelis aurata. Subspecies of the sand cat can be found in the deserts of North Africa. The terrain of the Black-footed cat overlaps the territory of 1 to 4 females. They prefer spacious and sandy regions with sparse vegetation.
Are cats perhaps not your thing? Do you long to see large mammals? Africa is home to the largest land animal in the world, so you should see an elephant. And the tallest animal in the world, the giraffe, is probably there too. The stripes of the zebras will charm you and you will be jealous of the hippo, lolling about in the water non-stop – although, to be fair, they do this to protect their sensitive skin. A few antelope suggestions are: grysbok, blesbok, reedbuck, eland and sitatunga. Remember Timon and Pumbaa from “The Lion King”? They were founded on a meerkat and warthog, which you could see too! Be blown away by primates like the Western lowland gorilla, the Cross River gorillas, the Central chimpanzee or the Nigeria-Cameroon chimpanzee.
This is not all that you will see. Remember, there are also numerous classes of other fauna to see in Africa incorporating reptiles like crocodiles, snakes and geckos; birds such as eagles and rodents like squirrels and mice. Another thing to keep in mind is that Madagascar, although a standalone island, is part of Africa and here you will find a profusion of wildlife, 80% of which is found nowhere else on Earth. One of the phenomenal, and endemic, animals you will find here are lemurs; examples of these are Ring-tailed lemurs, Golden-crowned sifakas, Coquerel sifakas, Black lemurs and Verreaux’s sifakas. Africa is a tremendous continent and every country offers something new and amazing to ascertain.
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